Uzal Trowbridge’s Fate, Part III & The Price of War at Gaines’s Mill

(cont’d. from previous post)

The events of June 27, 1862, were on the largest scale of the entire Peninsula campaign. The day was also the most costly. Altogether nine hours of fighting cost the armies of the North and South 15,223 men.  The North’s casualties were not as great as the South’s. Under General Fitz John Porter’s command, 894 were killed, 2,829 were captured and 3,114 were wounded for a total of 6,837 (roughly 6.5% of McClellan’s army). Lee lost a total of 7,993: 1,483 were killed, 6,402 were wounded, and 108 went missing. Imagine a headline today describing a loss of that magnitude in a single day. It is very difficult if not impossible to fathom. Wrote Stephen Sears in his book, To the Gates of Richmond ( p. 249), “There would be veterans of four years’ fighting in both armies who insisted that the volume of fire at Gaines’s Mill was unmatched in all their wartime experience.”

Uzal Trowbridge was in Company A, First Regiment, New Jersey. The 1st New Jersey fell under the command of Brigadier General George W. Taylor, who presided over the 1st Brigade which included 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th New Jersey. Taylor was under the command of Brig. General Henry W. Slocum (1st Division). Slocum was under the command of Brig. General William B. Franklin (VI Corps).

The History of Union and Middlesex Counties edited by W. Woodford Clayton (Philadelphia: Everts & Peck, 1882) describes the participation in the Civil War by the citizens of those counties. On pages 144-145 of the book we find the text of the official report by General Taylor on the events at Gaines’s Mill involving  New Jersey regiments on the afternoon of June 27, 1862 (Note: the Chickahominy is a river):

It seems likely that Uzal Trowbridge was killed in the woods to which he was dispatched with the other men in his regiment (paragraph 5).

The several pages leading up to Taylor’s description give a history of 1st NJ Company A to that point. Interestingly Company A (of Elizabeth, NJ) was “the first company mustered into the United States Service under the first call for volunteers to serve three years or during the war (p. 143).” Gaines’s Mill was their fourth engagement with the enemy since they were mustered in on May 21, 1861. By far, Gaines’s Mill was the fiercest fighting they had seen.

Company A had 1,397 men when it was mustered in at Camp Olden, Trenton, New Jersey. Roughly three years and one month later, on June 29, 1865, Company A was mustered out at Hall’s Hill, Virginia. Its strength had diminished to 483 men. Over the course of the company’s service:

  • Resigned           24
  • Discharged    332
  • Promoted         62
  • Transferred    113
  • Died                   234
  • Dismissed            4
  • Deserted          124
  • Unaccounted for   21

Categories: Civil War, Gaines's Mill, VA, Trowbridge, Woodruff | Leave a comment

Post navigation

Leave a reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Powered by WordPress.com.

omordah.wordpress.com/

Art by Susan M. L. Moore

Lee's Birdwatching Adventures Plus

Birdwatching from a Christian Perspective

Story_Trails

Family history in stories recalled by Edie and Leo. Edith GAYLORD Allen, Leo ALLEN, Jr

Princes, Paupers, Pilgrims & Pioneers

“There are two lasting bequests we can give our children: One is roots, the other is wings.” Teaching children values and giving them the opportunity to excel is essential to good parenting. However, I feel I must also provide my children (and myself) insight into the ones who came before us: our ancestors whose lives and stories have shaped us into who we are. This is my journey; these are their stories…

Myricopia

Exploring the Past to Improve the Future

Buddha walks into a wine bar ...

Sits down with The Two Doctors and .....

Elves Choice

Holiday Bargains & Recipes

MarileeWein.com

DOUBLE GENEALOGY: the ADOPTION WITNESS

Tastes of Health

Passionate about Health, Fitness and easily prepared Delicious Food

Applegate Genealogy

Helping others discover their roots

allenrizzi

Sempre in Movimento! Published Every Monday and Friday at 12 PM EST

Cooking Without Limits

Food Photography & Recipes

THEVYPEFFECT

all about travelling in korea

My Descendant's Ancestors

Tips, Tools and Stories for the Family Historian

Smart Veg Recipes

Welcome to home made, vegeterian, healthy & kids friendly recipes

ICI & LA NATURE PICTURES

Walk and Bike in France. www.icietlanature.com

The Lives of my Ancestors

Lives, Biographies and Sketches of my Family History

Down the Rabbit Hole with Sir LeprechaunRabbit

Serious about Genealogy? Let this Olde Grey hare show you about

Diggin' Up Graves

Genealogy and family history, dirt and all.

Momoe's Cupboard

Low Budget Meals and Ideas

Generations of Nomads

On the Trail of Family Faces, Places, and Stories Around the World

Your daily Civil War newspaper [est. 1995]

All the Civil War news fit to re-print

Nothing Gilded, Nothing Gained-Author Adrienne Morris

Books, Art and the Writing Life at Middlemay Farm

Travels with Janet

Just another WordPress.com weblog

Uma Familia Portuguesa

A história da nossa família

The Good, the Bad and the Italian

food/films/families and more

newarkpoems

350 years of Newark in verse 1666-2016

Russian Universe

Understanding Russia with a Russian

Almost Home

Genealogy Research and Consulting

Old Bones Genealogy of New England

Genealogy and Family History Research

Out Here Studying Stones

Cemeteries & Genealogy

WeGoBack

family research ... discover your ancestry

the Victorian era

Did I misplace my pince-nez again? Light reading on the 19th century.

Genealogy Technology

Family history for the 21st century

Moore Genealogy

Fun With Genealogy

Meeting my family

RESEARCHING MY FAMILY TREE

Shaking the tree

musings on the journey towards knowing and sharing my family's stories

A Hundred Years Ago

Food and More

Scots Roots

Helping you dig up your Scots roots.

Root To Tip

Not just a list of names and dates

Food Perestroika

Adventures in Eastern Bloc Cuisine

Being Em | From Busan to America

this journey is my own, but i'm happy to share.

TWISTED LIMBS & CROOKED BRANCHES

Genealogy - Looking For "Dead People"!

%d bloggers like this: