Luke W. Brodhead‘s article, “Early Frontier Life in Pennsylvania. Efficient Military Services of Four Brothers,” appeared on pages 194-200 of The American Historical Record: Volume 2 by Benson John Lossing, January 1, 1873, published by Chase & Town. Here is a link to the publication. Perhaps, Brodhead descendants who haven’t yet stumbled on the article will learn something new about these four sons of Daniel Brodhead and Hester Wyngart. I especially enjoyed reading the personal letter from Daniel (the son) to his “brother” (brother-in-law) Nicholas (“Nicky”) Depui.
De Puy (De Pui)
One of the oldest homes in Monroe County, Pennsylvania, is for sale. Built on the 3,000 acres of land Nicholas Depuy (Depui) purchased directly from the Minisink Indians in 1727, the roughly 3,500-square-foot stone house has 4 bedrooms and 2.5 bathrooms and is listed for $299K.
According to Landmarks of Historic Interest along the Lackawanna Railroad, published sometime in the 1930s (p. 13 references an event on January 10, 1930; otherwise, I did not see a date), this home, known then as “Croasdale Manor,” was purchased by Aaron Depuy (1714-1785) in 1745 from his father Nicholas (m. Wentjen Roosa). (Note: Aaron Depuy’s niece Elizabeth Depuy (daughter of Samuel and Jane Depuy) was married to General Daniel Brodhead.)
To view the listing and accompanying photos, click here.
Upon further investigation, I learned that the house entered the Croasdale Family in 1837*.
The above-mentioned publication states (see screenshot inset) that the then (1930s) owner was a Mrs. Clementine Croasdale. I pulled her birth and death dates from the Social Security Death Index on Ancestry: 1896-1981. Baptism records on Ancestry show that her parents were Louis Rupprecht and Rose Schlos, and that her husband was Lee Croasdale, born in Stroudsburg in 1895 and died in Georgia in 1951. I don’t think she was the then owner because the 1930 census shows her living with her parents and her son William at 130 Lackawanna Avenue, an ordinary home in East Stroudsburg, PA.
Another source**, which I believe to be correct, says that when in 1931 the famed nearby Kittatinny Hotel burned to the ground, the Croasdale house belonged to Mrs. Elenora Croasdale. Elenora Davis Brodhead Croasdale (1862-1950) was the daughter of Luke Wills Brodhead (1821-1902; historian and collector of Indian artifacts and manager of a resort at Delaware Water Gap) and the wife of Howard Andre Croasdale (1857-1923). They had two children: Harold T. Croasdale (1889-1978; see below) and Laurence Croasdale (1885-1913); died of pulmonary tuberculosis at age 27).
“Croasdale Manor,” which had also been used through the years at various times as a resort and an inn, remained in the Croasdale family until Harold T. Croasdale (d. December 1978; predeceased by wife; no living children) willed the home and adjacent property to Lafayette College for use for cultural events and to support cultural events if ever sold. Eventually the house was sold*** to a jazz trombonist and his musician wife.
Harold Croasdale had graduated from Lafayette College in 1911, and the January 1979 college alumni newsletter (PDF link below) that carries his obituary stated that his “consuming passion, beginning in 1964, was reconstructing Croasdale Manor, which had been destroyed by fire in 1939. […] He had it rebuilt, stone by stone, pegged board by pegged board, following drawings he had made after the fire. He and his wife, Anna May Brooks, who died in 1975, had discovered a wrought iron chest in a sealed fireplace in the old home. In the chest were two deeds—one from William Penn, granting land to Croasdale’s forbears; the other, dated 1727, was the original deed for the land, which was purchased from the Indians.” These two deeds support historic events: Nicholas Depuy was forced to buy the land again after the transaction with the Indians was deemed illegitimate.
So evidently the house stood in ruins from 1939 to 1964, when Harold took it upon himself to rebuild and restore the home to its former glory. Perhaps, he’d have liked to have gotten started sooner with the restoration, but funds weren’t available? Yes, that appears to have been the case. Look up “At Croasdale Manor A Dream Takes Shape,” The Pocono Record, June 17, 1967, available on Newspapers.com. I got a “Free View” — no idea why. The article discusses the renovations and other details.
Let’s hope the home, which appears to need a little TLC, finds a new owner and continues to be loved and preserved for generations to come.
*”Harold T. Croasdale ’11, longtime Class Correspondent, dies at 89,” Lafayette Alumni News, January 1979. digital.lafayette.edu/collections/magazine/lafalumnews-19790100/pdf
**”Fire Which Destroyed Kittatinny Ends Full Century of Hotel Life,” The Morning Sun, October 31, 1901. https://www.poconorecord.com/assets/pdf/PR1570430.PDF
***”Restrictions on Gift Home Are Disputed Monroe County Mansion Was Donated to College,” The Morning Call, August 9, 1988. https://www.mcall.com/news/mc-xpm-1988-08-09-2652445-story.html
“At Croasdale Manor A Dream Takes Shape,” The Pocono Record, June 17, 1967. (viewable on Newspapers.com as a free view)
Annual Reunion of DePuy and Brodhead families – August 24, 2019; ‘Wheat Plains’ GoFundMe page available
If you are a DePuy or Brodhead descendant and have not heard, the Association for these two families is holding its annual reunion on August 24th this year. It starts at 9 AM at the National Park Service’s Bushkill Meeting Center at 6414 Milford Road (Rte 209) in East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. There will likely be a voluntary service project followed by dinner the day before – places still TBD.
To register your participation, you first need to join the Association ($20/year) so that you can receive its quarterly newsletters. The reunion fee is $12.50 per individual or $20 per couple. Funds go towards lunch & meeting room costs. Contact: DePuy/Brodhead Family Association, 9031 11th Place West, Everett, WA 98204-2694. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
By the way, I also just noticed that a GoFundMe page was set up a while back to raise funds for the renovations needed at the historic Brodhead ‘Wheat Plains’ house. There is a $100,000 goal. Click here. The Association is working on other ideas that could help raise funds and build awareness. The house and its grounds certainly mean a great deal to Brodhead descendants and the descendants of other families who settled in that part of Pennsylvania way back in the early 1700s; hopefully a broader base of support will emerge over time, however. As word spreads of the need to preserve this house and others like it in the area, I sure hope people start opening their wallets, if only to give a small gift.
Anyway, back to the reunion, if you’ve never been to this part of Pennsylvania, especially in the summertime, you are in for a treat if you go!
This post is a follow-up to information I shared previously about Wheat Plains, the farmstead located in Pike County, PA, on land whose original Brodhead owners were Revolutionary War veteran Lieutenant Garret Brodhead and his wife Jane Davis. The farmhouse and structures evolved over generations of Brodheads living there.
The Federal Government-backed Tocks Island Dam project from the 1970s took properties such as this one from their owners, and although the dam project fell through, the US government retained ownership of the properties within the project’s borders. Over time, due to funding issues, the National Park Service was unable to maintain the farmhouse and it fell into disrepair; see my August 2012 post The current sorry state of the Garret Brodhead house.
Fortunately the DePuy / Brodhead Family Association got involved to try to save the structures before they reached the point of no return. See the July 2014 post The Brodhead-Linderman Cemetery: Descendants work on clean up and restoration; the May 2015 post Garret Brodhead’s Wheat Plains farmhouse – an August clean-up project, and the November 2016 post Garret Brodhead’s Wheat Plains Farm in Pike Co., PA, needs your support.
The fantastic news, which many of you may have heard, is that last summer at the annual DePuy / Brodhead Family Association reunion, the National Park Service announced its plans to save Wheat Plains. This project will be ongoing and financial contributions* to support it are welcome. Below are excerpts from the recent newsletter I received from the association.
I want to personally thank the Association’s members for their hard work, dedication, and commitment to preserving the property whose ongoing existence is important not only to our shared family history but also to Pennsylvania’s history and our nation’s history. Thanks to their extraordinary efforts and the NPS’s commitment to the property, Wheat Plains will be enjoyed and celebrated for generations to come.
*Donations of any size are welcome: DePuy/Brodhead Family Association, 9031 11th Place West, Everett, WA 98204-2694 or you can donate through GoFundMe. Click here.
The De Puy Brodhead Family Association Newsletter, January 7, 2019
News reported by Kevin De Puy, President: The biggest news for the Family last year was the announcement from Ranger Kristy Boscheinen, Chief of Special Projects Division of the National Park Service that “Wheat Plains” Revolutionary Homestead of Lt. Garret Brodhead was put on the list for restoration. Wheat Plains is located at mile marker 8 on Route 209 near East Stroudsburg, PA. […] The Family gave a $12,000.00 donation for the restoration process and donations continue to come in, and all donations will be presented this August at this years reunion[**]. The family also did a service project at Wheat Plains joined by Kristy, Ranger Kathleen Hudak two professional young men, one a Marketing Analyst and the other a Historic Building Architect (wish I had their names). We cleared the brush and debris from behind the homestead and up the embankment and cleaned out the water canal in front of the Spring House. The East side of the Homestead was painted and NPS is working on clearing up the mold in the cellar so a major support beam can be replaced. This restoration is going to be several years endeavor and should be the main focus of the Family and I can see our Family having a reunion at Wheat Plains in the Fall when all is said and done. We can mosey around, having fun much like they did back in the day. Again, I would like to remind everyone that the DePuy side has just as much a vested interest in this as do Brodhead. Elizabeth DePuy, daughter of Nicolas DePuy ( Fort DePuy at Shawnee on the Delaware ) was married to General Daniel Brodhead, the brother of Lt. Garret Brodhead, and I imagine the General and Elizabeth may have frequented Wheat Plains quite a few times. This does not mean that we will not support nor take on other endeavors; Wheat Plains should be at the fore front.
**Reunion scheduled for August 24, 2019, 9 a.m., tentatively at the Bushkill Meeting Center, 6414 Milford Road (route 209), East Stroudsburg, PA 18302. For more information, contact James and Barbara Brodhead at 614 400 9581.
The next annual reunion of the DePuy and Brodhead families is scheduled for 9AM, Saturday, August 25, at the Monroe County (PA) Historical Association (a.k.a. the Stroud Mansion).
According to the De Puy / Brodhead Family Association, which is holding the event, as many as four guest speakers will address attendees. The Monroe County Historical Association Curator will take guests on a private tour that will include a Special Collections Presentation of General Daniel Brodhead’s uniform. Other activities are hoped for/being planned. An optional activity may be on offer for the day before (Friday).
For full information, please contact: depuy dot brodhead dot family dot assoc @ gmail dot com.
I recently came across a website called pennsylvaniagravestones.org. It’s similar to Find a Grave but is limited (obviously!) to PA. I searched for the Brodhead surname and came up with the following:
Most of these are on Find a Grave, as I recall, however, one that stood out for me was “Brodhead (RW), Daniel.” If you go to the site, you’ll see a photo of the monument for Brig. Gen. Daniel Brodhead who was mentioned in previous posts. It’s in the Milford Cemetery in PA, and is dedicated to Daniel and his 1st wife, Elizabeth DePuy (sometimes spelled “DePui”), and 2nd wife, Rebecca Mifflin. A photo of the monument has yet to appear on Find a Grave, so this PA website is worth knowing about.
As for Daniel’s heirs, I’m not sure what to make of writings by Luke Wills Brodhead (The Delaware Water Gap: Its Legends and Early History, Philadelphia: Sherman Co. Printers, 1870), who said Daniel “left several daughters, and one son, named Daniel, who died when a young man.” First, off the bat, I will say that I’ll leave son Daniel to another post since there is a bit of a story to him. Second, I have yet to come across any evidence of more daughters. Ann Garton Brodhead (b. 12 February 1758, m. Casper Heiner in 1779) was–as far as I can see–his only daughter. She and her husband had five children: John Heiner (b. 1780), Rebecca Johnson Heiner (recipient of her grandfather Daniel Brodhead’s “miniature picture set in gold”), Margaret Heiner, Catherine H. Heiner (recipient of her grandfather Daniel Brodhead’s “small portrait picture”), and Mary Heiner.
When I came across that Heiner surname, I used it in a Google search and found some interesting information at the PA-Roots website: a bio of General Daniel Brodhead from an 1883 book, History of Armstrong County Pennsylvania by Robert Walker Smith, published by Waterman, Watkins & Co. of Chicago. The bulk of the bio describes Daniel’s extremely successful military career, but there is information towards the end about his children and grandchildren. For instance we learn that Casper Heiner, Ann Garton Brodhead’s husband, was from Reading, PA, a surveyor and “an author on a series of mathematics.”
When the Revolutionary War was over, Daniel was given several thousand acres of land in western Pennsylvania as reward for his outstanding military service. He also purchased land in Virginia, Kentucky, and Western PA. Walker’s bio says that he concentrated his purchases in the vicinity of Kittanning (to the northeast of Pittsburgh) and on the Allegheny (River), “the scenes of his former exploits, which he never ceased to love.” All of his lands were left to Ann Garton Brodhead Heiner upon his death, and from her all the lands passed to her only son, John Heiner.
I will also mention two interesting articles I came across that were written by Dr. John C. Appel, a history professor at East Stroudsburg State College. One is “Colonel Daniel Brodhead and the Problems of Military Supply on the Western Frontier, 1779-1781″ (Milestones Vol. 4, No. 1), and the other is “General Daniel Brodhead” Patriot in War, Civil Servant in Peace” (Milestones Vol. 17, No. 2). You can find them at the Beaver County History web site. He provides insight into Brig. Gen. Daniel Brodhead’s later years:
“Throughout the1790s Daniel Brodhead resided in Philadelphia where he mingled with the top echelons of state and national government (the national capital was located in Philadelphia in the 1790s). In 1788, following the death of his wife, Daniel Brodhead married Rebecca Mifflin, widow of Samuel Mifflin. Samuel’s brother Thomas was soon to be elected Governor of Pennsylvania.” As for why an individual marker may not be found in the Milford Cemetery, Dr. Appel writes, “Upon resigning his surveyor-general office in 1800, the Brodheads retired to Milford, Pennsylvania. He died there in the summer of 1809. His grave has not been identified; but the citizens of that community erected a monument to his memory in the Milford Cemetery.”