Hanover Court House, VA

Henry A. Trowbridge & Company C, 14th Infantry New Jersey Volunteers

As per the previous post, Henry Trowbridge entered the war in August 1862, serving in Company C of the Fourteenth Infantry New Jersey Volunteers. Of interest is the regimental history found in Vol. 3 of The Union Army published in 1908 by Federal Publishing Company:

Fourteenth Infantry.–Col., William S. Truex; Lieut.-Cols., Caldwell K. Hall, Jacob J. Janeway; Majs., Peter  Vredenburgh, Jr., John C. Patterson. This regiment was mustered into the service of the United States on Aug. 26, 1862, and left Freehold for the field, 950 strong, on Sept. 2. At Monocacy Junction, Md., the regiment remained inactive for 9 months, but on July 9, 1863, it joined the main army, whose fortunes it shared from that time forward to the close of the war. On Oct. 30, it moved forward with its corps, encamping near Bealeton Station, Va., until Nov. 7, when it advanced to the Rappahannock, along which the enemy was constructing formidable works, and with the other troops engaged effected a crossing, driving the enemy from the river with considerable loss. But the first actual engagement of the regiment was at Locust Grove, where it fought with great steadiness throughout, and suffered a loss of 16 killed and 58 wounded–its first losses in battle. At the Wilderness the 14th was engaged for several hours, fighting gallantly and losing heavily. Upon emerging from the Wilderness, Warren’s corps became actively engaged on May 8 with Longstreet’s veterans, who sought to delay its progress, and the 6th corps going to its relief late in the afternoon, the 14th again went into action, the enemy being driven back with a loss of 1,500 men. During the engagement at Hanover Court House the regiment was on the skirmish line, and lost several in killed and wounded–Orderly Black, of Co. I, being shot through the heart and instantly killed, while Col. Truex was slightly wounded in the hand, but did not leave the field. At Cold Harbor the regiment suffered severely, losing in 2 hours 240 in killed and wounded–Lieuts. Stults of Co. H, and Tingley of Co. E, being among the former. In the operations before Petersburg, on June 23, a large force of the enemy suddenly appeared on the scene and struck the corps a heavy blow on the flank, inflicting considerable loss, the 14th, which became actively engaged, losing some 40 men in killed and prisoners. Being sent with other troops into Maryland to resist Early, it took part in the battle of Monocacy the whole number of casualties in the 14th as returned to the adjutant-general, being 10 killed, 69 wounded and 5 missing. At the battle of the Opequan the 3d division of the 6th corps lost heavily, the 14th alone losing 7 killed, 62 wounded and 1 missing. At Fisher’s hill the casualties in the 14th numbered 10 killed and 30 wounded. In the fight at Cedar creek the regiment, which was commanded by Capt. Janeway, again lost heavily–Adjt. Ross being among the killed. In the final engagement at Petersburg, April 2, 1865, the regiment from first to last fought with the greatest bravery and to it, equally with the most efficient regiment of the corps, belongs the credit of the magnificent success of that glorious day. Sailors’ creek was the last engagement in which the 14th, now reduced to about 100 men, participated. On June 8 the corps was reviewed at Washington and on the 19th the 14th was formally mustered out, proceeding on the following day to Trenton, where, on the 29th, the men who had shared so many perils together, and for nearly three years had “endured hardness like good soldiers” for the Nation’s sake, received their final pay, exchanged farewells and separated into the old familiar paths of peace, wherefrom their feet had been lured only at the call of solemn and imperious duty. The total strength of the regiment was 1,384, and it lost during its term of service, by resignation 20, by promotion 46, by discharge 159, by transfer 303, by death 248, by desertion 97, by dismissal 1, mustered out, 510.

Battles Fought by the Fourteenth Regiment
27 November 1863, Locust Grove, VA
27 November 1863, Jacob’s Ford, VA
6 May 1864, Wilderness, VA
9 May 1864, Spotsylvania Court House, VA
12 May 1864, Spotsylvania Court House, VA
13 May 1864, Spotsylvania Court House, VA

30 May 1864, Hanover Court House, VA
31 May 1864, Hanover Court House, VA

1 June 1864, Cold Harbor, VA
3 June 1864, Cold Harbor, VA
6 June 1864, Cold Harbor, VA

23 June 1864, Rock Point, VA
9 July 1864, Monocacy, MD
19 September 1864, Winchester, VA
22 September 1864, Fisher’s Hill, VA
19 October 1864, Cedar Creek, VA
2 April 1865, Petersburg, VA

Categories: Cedar Creek, VA, Civil War, Cold Harbor, VA, Fisher's Hill, VA, Hanover Court House, VA, Jacob's Ford, VA, Locust Grove, VA, Monacacy, MD, Petersburg, VA, Rock Point, VA, Spotsylvania Court House, VA, Trowbridge, Wilderness, VA, Winchester, VA, Woodruff | Leave a comment

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