Luke W. Brodhead‘s article, “Early Frontier Life in Pennsylvania. Efficient Military Services of Four Brothers,” appeared on pages 194-200 of The American Historical Record: Volume 2 by Benson John Lossing, January 1, 1873, published by Chase & Town. Here is a link to the publication. Perhaps, Brodhead descendants who haven’t yet stumbled on the article will learn something new about these four sons of Daniel Brodhead and Hester Wyngart. I especially enjoyed reading the personal letter from Daniel (the son) to his “brother” (brother-in-law) Nicholas (“Nicky”) Depui.
My Dad’s memoirs, which he wrote while in his early seventies, include some details of his service with Company A, Third Marine Division. Here he talks about Bougainville: Orders came for an invasion of Bougainville, British Solomon Islands. So we started to hustle once again, packing gear, cleaning weapons, etc. We all went aboard a LCVP (landing craft vehicle personnel) hove to the beach. There were dozens of them to accommodate our entire division. The staging area for the operation was a few hundred miles north of Guadalcanal. Our firepower consisted of two battleships, 1 heavy cruiser, 3 destroyers, a supply ship and a hospital ship, plus many landing craft. We were offshore from Empress Augusta Bay. At around 0500 the Navy began shelling the beach. At about 0700 we all went over the side on cargo nets to the waiting boats below. We landed on Cape Torokina. We experienced light opposition while some of our division down the coast by the Piva River ran into stiff fighting. The entire division consisting of approximately 10,000 men was involved in this operation. My very good friends “Tiny” Owens (Congressional Medal of Honor winner), Jimmy Carrick and Carl Martin were all killed at Piva River. Also Teofilo Romero—one heck of a nice guy. Of the estimated 28,000 Japs on the island, only about 300 surrendered. The rest were either killed or committed suicide. Ten days after the landing, Bougainville was considered secure.
The names of my Dad’s lost buddies stood out to me, of course, and I wanted to see what information I could find out about them. For three of them, I only found Find a Grave entries recording their burial places. Not surprisingly, much more can be found about Sgt. Owens. I can’t begin to imagine how deeply their loss was felt, not just by my father (then 22), but by all of Company A. They were so young, and gave all. May they — and my Dad (d. 1992) — rest in peace.
Sgt. Robert A. Owens (September 13, 1920 – November 1, 1943) – age 23 – hometown Drayton, SC; nicknamed “Tiny”, but there was nothing tiny about what he did at Bougainville on November 1, 1943. He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor posthumously, his father accepting the medal on August 12, 1945, at the family home from Major General Clayton B. Vogel, Commanding General at Parris Island at that time. Here is Sgt. Owen’s story. He lies in rest at the Manila American Cemetery. Other links:
PFC Carl Osteen Martin (May 29, 1924 – November 2, 1943) – age 19 – buried in Maplewood Cemetery in Mt. Olive, North Carolina.
PFC James Purcell Carrick (August 19, 1925 – November 20, 1943) – age 18 – buried in Section 34, Site 1131, Arlington National Cemetery.
PFC Teofilo Romero (March 7, 1925 – November 1, 1943) – age 18 – buried in Puerto Rico National Cemetery in Bayamon, Puerto Rico (Section F, Site 2856). Teofilo appears in the front left of the below photo my father had in his photo collection.
One of the oldest homes in Monroe County, Pennsylvania, is for sale. Built on the 3,000 acres of land Nicholas Depuy (Depui) purchased directly from the Minisink Indians in 1727, the roughly 3,500-square-foot stone house has 4 bedrooms and 2.5 bathrooms and is listed for $299K.
According to Landmarks of Historic Interest along the Lackawanna Railroad, published sometime in the 1930s (p. 13 references an event on January 10, 1930; otherwise, I did not see a date), this home, known then as “Croasdale Manor,” was purchased by Aaron Depuy (1714-1785) in 1745 from his father Nicholas (m. Wentjen Roosa). (Note: Aaron Depuy’s niece Elizabeth Depuy (daughter of Samuel and Jane Depuy) was married to General Daniel Brodhead.)
To view the listing and accompanying photos, click here.
Upon further investigation, I learned that the house entered the Croasdale Family in 1837*.
The above-mentioned publication states (see screenshot inset) that the then (1930s) owner was a Mrs. Clementine Croasdale. I pulled her birth and death dates from the Social Security Death Index on Ancestry: 1896-1981. Baptism records on Ancestry show that her parents were Louis Rupprecht and Rose Schlos, and that her husband was Lee Croasdale, born in Stroudsburg in 1895 and died in Georgia in 1951. I don’t think she was the then owner because the 1930 census shows her living with her parents and her son William at 130 Lackawanna Avenue, an ordinary home in East Stroudsburg, PA.
Another source**, which I believe to be correct, says that when in 1931 the famed nearby Kittatinny Hotel burned to the ground, the Croasdale house belonged to Mrs. Elenora Croasdale. Elenora Davis Brodhead Croasdale (1862-1950) was the daughter of Luke Wills Brodhead (1821-1902; historian and collector of Indian artifacts and manager of a resort at Delaware Water Gap) and the wife of Howard Andre Croasdale (1857-1923). They had two children: Harold T. Croasdale (1889-1978; see below) and Laurence Croasdale (1885-1913); died of pulmonary tuberculosis at age 27).
“Croasdale Manor,” which had also been used through the years at various times as a resort and an inn, remained in the Croasdale family until Harold T. Croasdale (d. December 1978; predeceased by wife; no living children) willed the home and adjacent property to Lafayette College for use for cultural events and to support cultural events if ever sold. Eventually the house was sold*** to a jazz trombonist and his musician wife.
Harold Croasdale had graduated from Lafayette College in 1911, and the January 1979 college alumni newsletter (PDF link below) that carries his obituary stated that his “consuming passion, beginning in 1964, was reconstructing Croasdale Manor, which had been destroyed by fire in 1939. […] He had it rebuilt, stone by stone, pegged board by pegged board, following drawings he had made after the fire. He and his wife, Anna May Brooks, who died in 1975, had discovered a wrought iron chest in a sealed fireplace in the old home. In the chest were two deeds—one from William Penn, granting land to Croasdale’s forbears; the other, dated 1727, was the original deed for the land, which was purchased from the Indians.” These two deeds support historic events: Nicholas Depuy was forced to buy the land again after the transaction with the Indians was deemed illegitimate.
So evidently the house stood in ruins from 1939 to 1964, when Harold took it upon himself to rebuild and restore the home to its former glory. Perhaps, he’d have liked to have gotten started sooner with the restoration, but funds weren’t available? Yes, that appears to have been the case. Look up “At Croasdale Manor A Dream Takes Shape,” The Pocono Record, June 17, 1967, available on Newspapers.com. I got a “Free View” — no idea why. The article discusses the renovations and other details.
Let’s hope the home, which appears to need a little TLC, finds a new owner and continues to be loved and preserved for generations to come.
*”Harold T. Croasdale ’11, longtime Class Correspondent, dies at 89,” Lafayette Alumni News, January 1979. digital.lafayette.edu/collections/magazine/lafalumnews-19790100/pdf
**”Fire Which Destroyed Kittatinny Ends Full Century of Hotel Life,” The Morning Sun, October 31, 1901. https://www.poconorecord.com/assets/pdf/PR1570430.PDF
***”Restrictions on Gift Home Are Disputed Monroe County Mansion Was Donated to College,” The Morning Call, August 9, 1988. https://www.mcall.com/news/mc-xpm-1988-08-09-2652445-story.html
“At Croasdale Manor A Dream Takes Shape,” The Pocono Record, June 17, 1967. (viewable on Newspapers.com as a free view)
Annual Reunion of DePuy and Brodhead families – August 24, 2019; ‘Wheat Plains’ GoFundMe page available
If you are a DePuy or Brodhead descendant and have not heard, the Association for these two families is holding its annual reunion on August 24th this year. It starts at 9 AM at the National Park Service’s Bushkill Meeting Center at 6414 Milford Road (Rte 209) in East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. There will likely be a voluntary service project followed by dinner the day before – places still TBD.
To register your participation, you first need to join the Association ($20/year) so that you can receive its quarterly newsletters. The reunion fee is $12.50 per individual or $20 per couple. Funds go towards lunch & meeting room costs. Contact: DePuy/Brodhead Family Association, 9031 11th Place West, Everett, WA 98204-2694. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
By the way, I also just noticed that a GoFundMe page was set up a while back to raise funds for the renovations needed at the historic Brodhead ‘Wheat Plains’ house. There is a $100,000 goal. Click here. The Association is working on other ideas that could help raise funds and build awareness. The house and its grounds certainly mean a great deal to Brodhead descendants and the descendants of other families who settled in that part of Pennsylvania way back in the early 1700s; hopefully a broader base of support will emerge over time, however. As word spreads of the need to preserve this house and others like it in the area, I sure hope people start opening their wallets, if only to give a small gift.
Anyway, back to the reunion, if you’ve never been to this part of Pennsylvania, especially in the summertime, you are in for a treat if you go!
Author Curtis Dewees recently notified me that his book Joseph and Phebe Dewees of Grayson County, Kentucky and Their Descendants has just been published. It can be ordered from the Grayson County Historical Society, via their Facebook page. Paypal is accepted; or the book can be ordered by mail at the Society’s address: Grayson County Historical Society, PO Box 84, Leitchfield, Kentucy 42755. The cost is $26.05, including state sales tax and shipping costs.
Last week, while browsing articles on Fulton History, I came across this one in The Yonkers Statesman (November 19, 1917) describing the wedding of Alvira W. Anness, daughter of Mary Marsh Martin Anness and the (then) late Winfield S. Anness, in the Anness family home at 223 Warburton Avenue in Yonkers, NY. The house still stands! Click here.
Winfield S. Anness (b. 1861, Stamford, CT) was a widower when he married Mary M. Martin. He had a son with his first wife Mamie E. Valentine (b. 1864): Harold W. Anness (b. 1885). Winfield died in November 1899. I don’t know anything about Harold. If he was still alive in 1917, he was not at this wedding.
My Dad always referred to Great Aunt Mary as “Aunt Mame”, and apparently she was quite a pistol. Born in 1863, she was a younger sister of my great-grandmother, Margaret Lewis Martin Brodhead (b. 1859). This wedding was in November; Margaret had lost her husband Andrew Douglas Brodhead six months before, in May. Margaret, Alvira’s aunt, is named in the article as one of the attendees.
Giving the bride away was my Dad’s Great Uncle Charlie (Charles Conrad Martin); my Dad’s older brother Woodruff, then age 5 1/2, wore a little sailor suit and carried white baskets filled with yellow asters.
Woodruff’s parents (my grandparents) were also present at the wedding, of course. To the left is a photo of Woodruff (“Woody”) and his mother Fannie Woodruff Brodhead. At that stage, he was their only child. He’s wearing a little sailor suit here, so perhaps this photo was also taken during that period. I’m a bad judge of ages, but I’d say he looks about 5 here?
According to the family tree information of Ancestry user “KrehT,” the newlyweds, Alvira and Walter Douglas Barry, eventually had two children: Alvira Martin Barry (b. 1920) and Walter Douglas Barry (b. 1923). Interestingly, this user shows Alvira’s middle name as “Woodruff,” but did not provide any clues as to where that middle name came from. I’d love to know since my grandmother was a Woodruff, one of the original Elizabeth, NJ, families.
Some of you may remember the post I did several years ago on the 1964 Brodhead family reunion in Kingston, NY, which was held to commemorate the 300th anniversary of Daniel Brodhead and Ann Tye’s arrival in America. Click here to head back to it. Recently I found the below article and photo on Fulton History. I don’t recognize any of these folks, but I thought some of you may. Give a shout out in the comments section if you see one of your family members or want to comment on the reunion in general. Thanks!
Fowler T. Brodhead (1828-1902), famed linguist and foreign language teacher to President Grover Cleveland
While perusing some old papers on Fulton History, I came across several exceedingly sad obituaries for the very gifted and talented Fowler Thayer Brodhead, who at one point in his life had taught foreign languages to a young Grover Cleveland (1837-1908), but in later years seems to have completely withdrawn from society. He died at 75 from what appears to have been a great deal of self-neglect, in spite of having substantial financial means at his disposal. While the articles seize strongly upon what became of Fowler after his mother’s passing in 1885, an event that supposedly sparked his mental and physical decline, his gifts and talents cannot be denied and deserve to be remembered, especially by those of us who share his Brodhead DNA.
From the Illustrated Buffalo Express, February 16, 1902: “Fowler T. Brodhead, famed as a linguist, teacher of Grover Cleveland, later a hermit, was buried in the Brodhead family plot in Forest Lawn last Friday. […] The story of his life is a tale of sadness. His father came to Buffalo from Hudson in 1830, a lawyer and graduate of Williams College, whose wife was Miss Nancy Thayer of Lee, Mass. The first American Brodhead was Captain Daniel Brodhead of the Yorkshire Regiment that came from England in 1664 and wrested New Netherlands from the Dutch. The Brodheads lived at Washington and Huron streets in 1837 and for years thereafter. The father was a law partner of Judge Masten. Fowler Brodhead was born in Hudson in 1828. He attended Fay’s Academy at Washington and Huron streets and then went to Albany to study medicine. He returned to Buffalo without finishing his course and studied French and German. He taught in the high school and gave private lessons. He became known as a proficient linguist, speaking several languages fluently. It, was related of him that be once sat down with a Frenchman, German, Italian and Spaniard and conversed with the four, each in his own language, fluently, and with ease. He wrote poems in several languages and wrote a play, The Burning of Buffalo, for the old Metropolitan Theater.”
I checked the online records for Forest Lawn Cemetery in Buffalo and found Fowler and his parents William W. Brodhead and Nancy Thayer Brodhead. I went ahead and created memorial pages for them on the Find a Grave website. The three are located in Section: BB Lot: 143-N PT Spaces 1, 2, 3.
Volume 4 of The Brodhead Family has William listed on page 303. William Wheeler Brodhead (F-401) was the son of Luke Brodhead (1777-1845); Luke was a son of Daniel Brodhead and Hester Wyngart and a brother of my fifth-great-grandfather Garret Brodhead. William was baptized on 10 September 1797 at Linlithgo RDC, Livingston, Columbia County, NY, and married Nancy Lucretia Thayer on May 25, 1825 in Westfield, MA. William “lived in Red Hook, NY at the time of his marriage and later lived Buffalo, NY where he was an attorney in 1850 and a private school teacher in 1860.” Fowler is listed as G-1226, but no information is given for him.
The newspaper articles point to Fowler’s withdrawal from society as coinciding with the death of his mother Nancy in 1885; he died with $4,000 to his name which was a substantial sum in 1902 (about $111,000 today). He lived at 82 10th Street in Buffalo; where the house once stood is now a vacant lot.
A notice of sale that appeared in the Buffalo New York Courier on October 24, 1903, offers the names of several Brodheads: two of Fowler’s nieces and a great-nephew. Charlotte Brodhead and Mary Gertude Brodhead (b. 1829 and 1837 respectively) were daughters of James Oliver Brodhead (1803-1841; Brodhead Family F-404) and wife Caroline Wackerhagen. James Oliver Brodhead was the brother of William W. Brodhead. Francis Reynolds Brodhead (b. 1863) was a nephew of the two sisters via their brother Thomas C. Brodhead (1835-1877), son of James Oliver Brodhead.
As sad as Fowler’s end was, clearly his was a life well lived at least up to a certain point. I’m glad I came upon his story. I do not want him to be forgotten especially since he had no wife or children to pass his story down along the line to today’s generations.
I recently came upon this obituary notice for my third-great-grandfather Garret Brodhead (d. January 8, 1872), husband of Cornelia Dingman and father of Albert Gallatin Brodhead, Daniel Dingman Brodhead, Andrew Jackson (A.J.) Brodhead (my second-great-grandfather), and Abram Coolbaugh Brodhead. Much of what I’d known of Garret is contained in this post. The obituary offers wonderful details—who wrote it, I have no idea, but it was someone who had been well acquainted with Garret and Pike County men of Garret’s generation.
Reference is made to Garret’s favorite book Modern Chivalry by Breckenridge; we find out he was living with son A.J. and family in Mauch Chunk (Jim Thorpe) for about a year before his death; we learn where he was during the War of 1812, that he was a Protestant in the Calvin tradition and a Democrat in politics; and we learn he was extremely interested in his Dutch roots.
Coincidentally, I, too, have been thinking lately about my Dutch roots in the sense that I feel like I need to learn much more about them, so it was interesting to me that Garret had a real preoccupation with them rather than his English roots which probably made up a good 50% of his DNA.
Thanks to Brodhead descendant Michelle Causton, I am able to publish here today this marvelous, nearly 100-year-old group photo of the many Brodheads who gathered together on September 17, 1922, to celebrate the Golden Anniversary of Garret Brodhead and Annie Kocher. Garret (1848-1936) was the son of Andrew Jackson (AJ) Brodhead and Ophelia Easton Brodhead, who had 10 children. He married Annie Kocher (b. 1849) on September 17, 1872. Anyone with more details, such as venue, etc., please feel free to comment below. And do please point out any mistakes I make in this post.
Of the ten children of AJ and Ophelia Brodhead, seven were still alive when this photo was taken. Those who had already passed away were:
- Calvin Easton Brodhead, d. April 29, 1907 (wife 1 and wife 2 predeceased him)
- Robert Packer Brodhead, d. May 12, 1922
- Andrew Douglas Brodhead, d. May 6, 1917 – my great-grandfather
Only one living sibling appears to have been absent: John Romeyn Brodhead.
I found the numbers in the original image hard to read in some cases, so here is a version that is better labelled in that regard.
And for better searchability, I am retyping the list here. Garret’s siblings are in bold. Garret’s (#39) and Annie’s (#41) children are in italics. Many of the young children pictured belonged to Garret and Annie Brodhead’s son Calvin (#27) who married Gertrude McNulty (#28) and converted to Catholicism.
1. James I. Blakslee
2. Madeline McCormick
3. Rollin Crellin
4. Mrs. W. H. Fregans
5. Mr. W. H. Fregans
6. Joseph C. Fuller
7. Henry S. Hampson, Sr.
6. Francis Brodhead
9. Alexander Brodhead, Jr.
10. Mr. Everett (Drove JIB)
11. James E. Brodhead, Jr.
12. William Brodhead
13. Mr. Houghton (Rector)
14. Charles D. Brodhead
15. Frank M. Brodhead
16. Fred Moon
17. Emily E. Brodhead
18. Edith L. Brodhead
19. Alex L. Brodhead, Sr.
20. Mrs. Frank M. Brodhead
21. Ophelia Hampson
22. Mrs. Conrad Kocher Brodhead
23. Conrad Kocher Brodhead
24. Ruth Randall (Brodhead) Fuller
25. Garret Brodhead
26. Laura Leisenring Brodhead
27. Calvin Easton Brodhead
28. Mrs Calvin Easton Brodhead (Gertrude McNulty)
29. Mrs. Garret Brodhead, Jr.
30. Mrs. Fred Moon, Jr.
31. Anna L. Brodhead
32. Mrs. Robert P. Brodhead – Fannie Loveland – widow of Robert Packer Brodhead
33. Miss Bessie Loveland (Fannie Loveland Brodhead’s sister Elizabeth Shepard Loveland)
34. Miss Annie Wasser
35. Mr. Charles Ashley Blakslee
36. Mrs. Charles Ashley Blakslee (Jean Struthers Brodhead)
37. Miss Hannah Leisenring
38. Mrs. Alonzo P. Blakslee
39. Mr. Garret Brodhead
40. Garret B. Fuller
41. Mrs. Garret Brodhead (Annie Kocher)
42. Mr. James E. Brodhead
43. Mrs. James E. Brodhead (Hattie Boyd)
44. Mrs. Frank Burk (Charlotte Elizabeth Brodhead Burk)
45. Mrs. Fred Moon, Sr. (Emily Linderman Brodhead Moon)
46. Mrs. Andrew Douglas Brodhead (Margaret Lewis Martin)
47. Mrs. Richard H. Brodhead (Jane V. Smock)
48. Mr. Richard H. Brodhead
49. Anne K. Brodhead
50. Daniel D. Brodhead
51. Edith D. Brodhead
52. Susan W. Brodhead
53. Boyd Brodhead
54. Mrs. Boyd Brodhead
55. Walter Brodhead
56. Edward Brodhead
57. Laura Brodhead, Jr.
58. Katharine Brodhead
59. Jay C. Fuller
60. Mary H. Brodhead
61. Mrs. Fred P. Prosser (Mary B. Brodhead, m. 1926)
62. Louise Moon
63. Henry Hampson, Jr.
64. Mr. Walter Brodhead
65. Cornelia Moon
66. Philip Brodhead
68. William Brodhead
70. Gertrude Brodhead (Scott)
Although my family tree for Garret and Annie Brodhead is full of holes, I am including what I have here in the event it helps someone connect more dots; of course anyone with updates or errors to comment on, please feel free to do so in the comments box below.
1-Garret Brodhead b. 11 Feb 1848, Mauch Chunk, Carbon Co., PA (Jim Thorpe,
PA), d. 11 Jul 1936, Woodbridge, Middlesex Co., NJ
+Annie Kocher b. 25 Aug 1849, Mauch Chunk, Carbon Co., PA (Jim Thorpe, PA), d.
|–2-Conrad Kocher Brodhead b. 19 Jul 1873, d. After 11 Jul 1936
|–2-Andrew Brodhead b. 19 Jul 1873, Pennsylvania, United States, d. 12 Jul
| 1876, Metuchen, Raritan, Middlesex Co., NJ
|–2-Alonzo Blakslee Brodhead b. 26 Dec 1875, d. 5 May 1907, (Mauch Chunk
| Cemetery, Jim Thorpe, Carbon Co., PA)
|–2-Laura Leisenring Brodhead b. 21 Sep 1878, d. After 11 Jul 1936
|–2-Calvin Easton Brodhead b. 21 Sep 1878, Metuchen, NJ, d. 20 Mar 1945, Ohio
| +Gertrude McNulty b. 1881
| |–3-Sister Ann Marie Brodhead d. After Jun 1964
| |–3-William McNulty Brodhead b. Cir 1906, Red Bank, NJ
| | +Unknown
| |–3-Katharine Brodhead
| |–3-Father Phillip Brodhead
| |–3-Mary Halpin Brodhead
| |–3-Laura Leisinring Brodhead
| |–3-Gertrude Brodhead
| |–3-Edward Joseph Brodhead b. 1918
| | +Doris Pettigrew b. Cir 1918
| |–3-Daniel Dingman Brodhead b. 1922
|–2-Brodhead b. 6 Mar 1883, Perth Amboy, Middlesex Co., NJ
|–2-Ruth Randall Brodhead b. 7 Mar 1884, d. After Jun 1964
| +Joseph Cheever Fuller b. , West Newton, MA
| |–3-David Randall Fuller d. After Aug 1964
|–2-Brodhead b. 3 Jan 1887, Perth Amboy, Middlesex Co., NJ
|–2-Garrett Brodhead Jr. b. 3 Feb 1888, d. 13 Apr 1926, Saranac Lake, Franklin
| Co., New York
+Gertrude Pfeiffer b. 15 Dec 1886, d. 10 Oct 1967, Perth Amboy, Middlesex
This image provides me with a first glimpse of many “AJ/Ophelia” descendants such as Emily Brodhead Moon’s son (#16), daughter-in-law (#30), and their granddaughter Cornelia (#65, behind “Patches”). Also, Walter Brodhead (#55, sitting with the kids), son of James Easton Brodhead and wife Harriet (“Hattie”);
As an aside, after Trudy M. kindly commented (below) that the venue for the anniversary gathering was probably the home of her grandparents Calvin & Gertrude Brodhead in Glenburn, Pennsylvania, I was curious as to where Garret and Annie Brodhead lived at that time. I assumed New Jersey. I found the obituary notice, which stated 180 Green Street in Woodbridge, NJ. The house, built in 1916, still stands and over two dozen photos remain on “Realtor” from a 2016 sale. Anyone who is interested can view the listing here.